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  • 12 Jumada al-Awwal 1444
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BOLGAR ISLAMIC ACADEMY

Murat Ramzy was a religious figure and historian.

He was born in October 10, 1854 (according to some sources, December 25, 1855) in Almetmullino village, Menzelinsk district, Ufa province.

After completing his studies at the rural madrasah, he continued his education at the Shihabutdin Marjani Madrasah in Kazan starting in 1869, and then at the third city mosque madrasah in Troitsk, Chelyabinsk province, starting in 1871. He began working as a teacher in Kazakh villages in 1872 and later in Tashkent before departing for Bukhara in 1874. Ramzy left Tashkent in 1875 and traveled to Turkey, Egypt, and the Hijaz before arriving in Jeddah in early 1876. He continued his education in Saudi Arabia, attended classes at madrasahs Amin-aga, Ash-Shifa, al-Mahmoudiya. He joined the Naqshbandiyya brotherhood in Mecca. He spent four years living in Medina, where he studied Arabic, hadith, tafsir, and fiqh. He also memorized the Quran and worked on translating theological works into Arabic.

Ramzy arrived in Bukhara in the spring of 1894. He moved to Russia in 1914, along with his family. As an Ottoman subject at the start of World War I, Ramzy went into hiding, was apprehended, and up to the end of the war lived under police surveillance. Ramzy attended the All-Russian Congress of the Muslim Clergy in Kazan after the February Revolution of 1917 as a representative. He arrived in Ufa in the spring of 1919 and served as the imam and mudarris of the local mosque before traveling through Semipalatinsk to Chuguchak (currently Tacheng, Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region of China).

Ramzy wrote and published about 15 scientific papers, as well as many articles and poems. He also authored books on Arabic grammar, works on a variety of theological topics, comments on the Quran, and a translation of the Quran into Turkic. He consistently held Qadimist views. He died in Chuguchak in April 2, 1934.